The new feuilleton: METOHIJA Podgorci – OLD SЕRBS
FBReporter has to give gratitude to Dragomir Stanisavljević Zhivkina, from www.musutiste.forums.lu; site editor and a promoter Facebook group: “METOHIJA Podgorci – OLD SERBS”; and “Mušutište FORUM” ; which promotes cultural and historic values of the Serb village of Mushutiste, “Rusenichko Podgorje” and Prizren Municipality. Thanks to him, “СРБски ФБРепортер“ (SERBian FBReporter), has opportunity to do its readers acquainted with the characteristics of ethnic-Serbs in this area (Rusenichko Podgorje) which, for many (and even the people from Prizren and the environment), a complete novelty and sensation in the ethno-cultural terms. Unfortunately, the language of the Serbs in this area, spoke and speak (dialect of Serbian Prizren speech – podgorski’s dialects) can not be adequately written, because “Vukovica” is unsuitable for certain sounds (лј, дз, ь ), and Dragomir Stanisavljević very often used instead of those votes, or apostrophes.
MUSHUTISHTANI AS OLD SERBS & TERM “OLD SERBS”
We often hear the word “Old Serbs,” and that the true meaning of those words hardly anyone knows. The term “old Serbian” is often written in capital letters and means the people of Old Serbia. Under the term Old Serbia, many people understand area Nemanjich’s medieval Serbia (1166 -1371), which is wrong, indefinite and damaging to the Serbs:
- First: Country Nemanjich Serbia (1166 -1371) is not the only one medieval Serbian state and it is not the oldest one.
- Nemanjic Serbian area did not always included the same space. Nemanjic Serbian once won, and once lost territory, and as such territory (plus or minus territory), it stayed for longer periods.
- If we accept the view that only Serbs from the territory of Serbia Nemanjic’s – Old Serbs, then it negates the old and rich history of the Serbs from areas that included another of the medieval Serbian state (Zahumlje, Duklja, Zeta, Travunija, Paganija, Dalmatia, etc..). Harmful is to ignore, existence of the Serbian state Vojislavljevica dynasty (1050 – 1165) or the first independent Serbian medieval Vlastimirovic Dynasty (825-950), or the Serbian state king Budimir Drvanica (670-825), and arranged with the independent Serbian church, the Prehvali, near Prizren. State of King Budimir Drvanic (670-825), in the book of: S. Milojevic (1896) states, called the ” The middle-middle part of Serbian territory and Serbia, even before Nemanja, in which they were Capital cities of Serbian kings wish was serbian monarchs before Nemanja, as in Duklja and Prehvalici (now Prevalac) in Shara Mountain, near Prizren.”
- It is important to note that, immediately after the collapse of the Roman Empire, there were the Serbian state as follows: Serbian state under former Serb military leader of the Roman Empire – Markelin (461-490) and the Serbian State under Ostroilo Svevlad (490-527). Ostroilo state is called the Serbian Empire, or shorter – Serbia. The state founded by Ostroilo was continuing those founded by Markelin, and this implies that it is a continuation of the state name. After these two states, this region came under the rule of Byzantium continuously until the year 670.
Women and children of Old Serb 1957th
It is undisputed that the old Serbian located on the territory of Kosovo and Metohia and South Serbia, eastern Bulgaria, Macedonia and northern Albania. This is the so-called “Illyrian Serbia”, “Thessalonica’s Serbia” or ” Skadar’s Serbia,” which is built on the foundations of the first world empire Nino Belov (2052. BC), a Serb from Nish, and the foundations of a gigantic Serbian Empire Makeridov (around 1325. BC). And because of it, people from the area are Old Serbs, who are characterized in people from the area are old Serb, who are characterized in terms of cultural and ethnic dialects. However, there are no Serbs in the world that does not originate from Old Serbia in the Balkans or from Boika (Boica) and Sarmatia in northern Europe (also a very old country), and because of it, they are Old Serbs.
If we talk about the old Serbs in the Balkans, this implies the existence of new and Serbs in this region. This division was created in the seventh century, the influx of Serbs from White Serbia “Boika” and Sarmatia, which were located on the present-day Germany. Due to heavy losses in the long wars with the Germans in the seventh century, one group of the Serbs (about 120 000) was moved to the South, the area of Old Serbia. The second group of the Serbs remained, at their places, and under strong German pressure, by assimilation, almost disappeared, except in the German province of Lusatia (“Lužice”), where today leaves only about 100 000 Serbs. These Serbs, settled in the seventh and eighth centuries, which would be in modern socio-political and linguistic situation called “internally displaced persons from the area and “Boika – Sarmatia” time, the “integrated” in an ancient ethno-cultural life of elderly Serbs and became part Old Serbia.
About The Old Serbia spoke The First Monarch from the Nemanjic Dynasty- Stefan Nemanja. When in 1189. after Christ first time he took in poses, and when first time he entered in Kosovo and Metohija, Founder of Nemanjic’s Dynasty, Stefan Nemanja (1168-96), creator of the new “Rashka Serbia”, was talking about this is that, not just he took but also the “renewed “očinu-očinu” –“father’s grandfather land”, and he was made it stronger.” From this we can conclude that the area of Kosovo and Metohija, for The Founder of First Serbian Dynasty, was calculated as the old homeland (no patrimony, no fathers patrimony but grand grandfather’s land), the old homeland – Old Serbia.
Sima Lukin Lazic, in his book “Short’s history of the Serbs“, issued 1894-th in Zagreb, wrote: “Until the end of those times all the Serbs were still pagan, other than those in Thessalonica’s Serbia, Old Serbs, natives of southern Serbia, Macedonia, Arbanija, Montenegro, Dalmatia“ and also then: “Well, these natives, named South Serbs even before the time of Christ had have developed considerable commerce and trade in the East Roman Empire. But even in ancient times, long before Christ, the Serb’s have their own laws and these was writhed right in their alphabet at wood planks. In that time, they had had their runic alphabet, some lines and notches, from which developed after the Glagolica … “
There are numerous sources of the existence of the Old Serbs, and with it the Old Serbia. However, today the area of Old Serbia is not (in all her size), under the Government administration of the Republic of Serbia. It is just part of Old Serbia, under of State Serbia government, it is eastern part of Serbia today (some places of Nis, Leskovac and Vranje). At former Old Serb’s territory, are today formed new countries, name: Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, “SC Kosovo” and Montenegro, There still lives Old Serbs, despite an extremely brutal and inhuman relationship of the former Serb and now Albanians, Bulgarians, Macedonians, Arbanas, Bosnian and Montenegro (Montenegrin) .
Now, survived of the ancient Serbs has the mostly in central Serbia, where they focused their living, after numerous and mass migrations in history. But as consequence of these ancient migrations, today Old Serbs are living in the rather big part of the territory of Vojvodina, Hungary and Ukrajune where eventually assimilated.
Serbian Language of the Ancients Serbs, is a typical and different from the modern Serbian language, not because, as they say domination of Albanian, Turkish and other non-language, but it is (along with other national symbols), simply as such, the oldest preserved Serbian history to date, as a result of an isolated life in the parishes of Old Serbia.
Serbian language spoken by the old Serbs is characterized by many voices, semivowels, consonants, accents, unusual palatalisation and other specific linguistic characteristics known from Old Slavic Cyrillic and grammar. However, many of them are unknown to Modern Cyrillic alphabet and grammar made by Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic.
The age of these Old Serbs is proved in their time recording, and in their calendar, which is the oldest in the world. The Old Calendar dates are visible at many Serbian medieval monuments. For example, Date of The Kosovo Battle is remembered and recorded to had have occurred 6897th since the beginning of the year.
Tsar Dusan proclaimed its Tsar “Dusan Code” on the feast of the Ascension, 21 May 6857th from the foundation of the World. Therefore, by this time the calendar since the beginning of the computer, so would the 2010-th year, but for the Old Serb it is the 7518-th years from the foundation of the World.
“Lazarice” in 1995.
The one of the main foundations on which is based history of Old Serbs, are authenticity and originality of Old Serbs their rituals, traditions, what they held since pre-Christian era. One of the most important ritual that is held in its authentic form since the prehistoric times are “Lazarice” rite which, with the supposed relics of an agrarian-matriarchal rudiment, devoted to general fertility Deity “Laza” (Old Serbian name for snake, dragon or dragon). In the course of Christian history, the Old Serbs “Lazarice”rite, contemporary equated with the Christian holidays, and more deeply rooted in their national being, so that the ordinance and the patron saint identified as Serbs.
Old Serbs women – 2010.
The second foundation of their Old Serbian identity is a specific modality and color costumes called “Bošća”, which they are jealously held and fanatically guarded and cared of, nurtured through the centuries. This has gone to the extent that they refused any appropriation (marriages) with the Serbs so-called “dimijarci” (these was Serbs, whose costume consists of non-Slavic “shalwaras” other details) .
Author: Dragomir Stanisavljević Zhivkin.
Translated from serbian: Ljiljana Jovanovic, Serbian FBReporter